How do municipalities contest the policies of higher authorities?

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Imrat Verhoeven, Michael Strange, and Gabriel Siles-Brügge.

Cities offer sanctuary to refugees against the wishes of national governments. Local governments oppose fracking initiatives from state governments. How do local governments contest perceived policy threats from supranational, national, or regional governments? In a recently published paper, we develop a new typology to make sense of the global phenomenon of ‘municipal contestation’.

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